Diseases and Conditions

Common Causes of Low Back Pain

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Sprains and Strains


70-percent of all LBP cases are a result of ligament sprains and muscle or tendon strains. Ligaments can be sprained when they are stretched too far and tear. Meanwhile, muscles and tendons get strained when they are stretched and torn. Both sprains and strains can happen to individuals of all ages and fitness levels during physical activity or when using improper lifting techniques.

The treatment for sprains and strains is PRICE (protect, rest, ice, compress, and elevate) along with taking OTC pain relieving medication. When you ice your lower back, the session should last about 20 minutes and be done every 2-3 hours. To prevent swelling, avoid heat for the first couple of days. However, bed rest for long periods of time has been known to make sprains and strains feel worse, so light activity, such as walking or yoga, is recommended. If the sprain or strain is not aggravated, the pain will abate within a few days or weeks.

Should the pain get worse, you should consult with a medical professional.