Diseases and Conditions

Understanding Hepatitis A and B


Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition that affects the liver. There are several types of hepatitis (five main types) all of which are caused by a virus. However, only two types (Hepatitis A & B) are preventable using vaccines. Hepatitis A is caused by consuming contaminated water or food. Hepatitis B is sexually transmitted. The latest statistics indicate that approximately 300 million people globally are carriers of the hepatitis B virus.

Hepatitis A

As mentioned above the leading cause of hepatitis A is consuming water or food containing the HAV or Hepatitis A virus. Hepatitis A can also be caused by oral or anal contact during sex. HAV is among the hepatitis viruses responsible for causing liver inflammation. Although the virus is highly contagious, it doesn’t cause chronic disease. Nearly everyone suffering from hepatitis A makes a full recovery. Practicing proper hygiene standards i.e. proper and frequent hand washing is a great way to prevent hepatitis A.

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