Vertigo refers to the feeling of disorientation, dizziness or any other sense of movement when sitting or standing still. The sensation is like what you experience when you spin around and stop suddenly. Individuals who suffer from vertigo feel dizzy, disoriented and related feelings any time even when they aren’t moving. The sensation can go away momentarily but lasts for hours or a few days in some cases. Another distinct characteristic of vertigo is in the intensity as well as the movements that trigger the problem. The disorientation is usually more intense with specific head or body movements like rolling over on a bed.
The most notable underlying cause is a problem/s with the inner ear. The inner ear has three small floating bones which send signals to the brain to show the body’s position in relation to the pull of gravity. If the inner ear has a problem, wrong signals are sent. A typical example would be calcium building up in the ear which is a common cause of vertigo. Some conditions like vestibular neuritis and Meniere’s disease are chronic conditions commonly associated with inner ear problems. In some rare cases, stroke, severe migraine as well as head and neck injuries have been linked to vertigo.
If the inner ear sends incorrect signals to the brain, the signals are misinterpreted causing dizziness that affects balance. It is possible to sit up or walk straight even when you are experiencing some dizziness; however, this may not be possible in severe cases. This symptom has no warning in most cases. When the dizziness strikes, avoid operating heavy machinery until the dizziness is under control.
You should also visit a doctor. A typical doctor’s examination for vertigo involves an assessment of the brain’s responses towards certain stimuli. The doctor should also examine your ear canal thoroughly. An MRI and CT scan can also be conducted to find the source of the dizziness after which appropriate treatment will be prescribed.